If you are deleting the end of a quoted sentence, or if you are deleting entire sentences of a paragraph before continuing a quotation, add one additional period and place the ellipsis following the last word you will be quoting, to make sure you have four in every:
In the event that you begin your quotation of an author in the middle of a sentence, you’ll need not indicate deleted words with an ellipsis. Be certain, however, that the syntax associated with the quotation fits smoothly aided by the syntax of your sentence:
Reading “is a noble exercise,” writes Henry David Thoreau.
Use square brackets once you have to add or substitute words in a quoted sentence. The brackets indicate into the reader a word or phrase that doesn’t can be found in the original passage but that you have inserted in order to prevent confusion. As an example, when a pronoun’s antecedent will be unclear to readers, delete the pronoun from the sentence and substitute an word that is identifying phrase in brackets. Whenever you make such a substitution, no ellipsis marks are expected. Assume that you wish to quote the bold-type sentence into the following passage:
Golden Press’s Walt Disney’s Cinderella set the pattern that is new America’s Cinderella. This book’s text is coy and condescending. (Sample: “And her best friends of most were – guess who – the mice!”) The illustrations are poor cartoons. And Cinderella herself is a tragedy. She cowers as her sisters rip her homemade ball gown to shreds. (not really homemade by Cinderella, but because of the mice and birds.) She answers her stepmother with whines and pleadings. She actually is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. She cannot perform even a simple action to save herself, though she actually is warned by her friends, the mice. She does not hear them because she is “off in a global world of dreams.” Cinderella begs, she whimpers, and at last needs to be rescued by – guess who – the mice! 6